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Full text of "Verdict On India"

237"
taken in any spirit of levity. 89 per cent of the population live an
entirely rural life.. .in other words, approximately 340 millions*
or twice the population of the U.S.A.. live in villages, each of
which would require at least one teacher apiece. Taking an aggre-
gate of 500 for a village, that means that you would have to begin,
with enlisting nearly three and a half million school inarms.
These figures are so gigantic that they may pass before the reader
in a sort of blur ; let us therefore write them in, the form of an
advertisement:
SITUATIONS VACANT
•TOTAXTED—3,500,000 School Maims, willing to
W   live alone in, isolated districts.    Salary, 60
Rupees a month.
60 rupees a month is about 25 shillings, or 0 dollars, a week.
In India it is a living wage though it can hardly be described as
a luxurious one. If we were to give it to our legions of school
inarms we should be involved, at the outset, in an annual charge
of £210,000,000 a year, which is not only ten times the amount
at present expended, but is considerably more than the total
revenue of India itself !l And all this for salaries only, without
any thought of the equally staggering sums which would be
required for buildings and equipment.
However, even, if we had the money to pay our school inarms,
or could devise some scheme of financial juggling by which it
could eventually be raised, where.. .oh where.. .are we to find
the ladies themselves ? We cannot stamp our heels on the ground
and expect them to spring from the earth, fully armed with
pencils, rulers, and india-rubber; we should be optimists to
assume that we could discover even one-fiftieth of the required
n,umber; as things are at present. And assuming that we found
our fiftieth, they would need something a good deal more sub-
stantial than pencils and rulers to protect their lonely persons in
1 Actually, the Sargent scheme, which will probably form the bat?Ls of post-war
education in India, contemplates the eventual annual*expenditure of 313 erores of
rupees, which is approximately /23o,OOQ,000, and even this, in the vast majority
of cases, would not take the school age beyond 14. This huge annual ch\rjre is to
have more modest beginnings* and will not reach the /235,OOO.QQO mark till after
the lapse of 50 years. ~